OO StructuresBased on the techniques supporting OO structures can be formed. Such structures behave as objects themselves, characterizing the concepts of OO.
Type CompositionThe basic idea of composition is to build complex object types out of simpler ones. Object types can not only be built up from ways to define state and behaviour as provided by the modelling language, but also from other object types. The latter can be done in the following forms.
- An object type can reference an object of a particular object type.
- An object type can include another object type.
Objects composed in this way are vertical related with the objects they are composed of.
Object CompositionSeveral inter-related objects form a cluster that when abstracted from the inter-relations acts as a single object.
Objects that take part in this composition are horizontal related with eachother.
Abstract Object TypesAn abstract object type is an object type described in terms of objects representing elements of the abstract object type for which the type(s) have to be filled in on a lower level of abstraction.
An abstract object type can also be turned into a generic object type on a lower level of abstraction, with parameters for the object types representing the elements.